Lesson 4: Techniques

Rhetorical Techniques and Devices

Handbook of Rhetorical Terms

Glossary of Terms

  • You will be given a list of techniques
  • You must understand what they are and how they are used
  • These techniques and devices will be what you need to identify in your speeches
  • You will also need to be aware of certain grammatical terms:
  • Learn the ‘Speech Act Theory’ and try to fond these within the speeches


Define the following rhetorical techniques

  • Accumulation
  • Alliteration
  • Aporia
  • Classical and Biblical allusions
  • Amplification
  • Anaphora
  • Anecdotes
  • Antithesis
  • Aphorism
  • Contrast/Juxtaposition
  • Emotive language
  • Imagery
  • Irony
  • Isocolon
  • Metaphor
  • Onomatopoeia
  • Pronouns
  • Metaphor
  • Paradox
  • Parallelism
  • Repetition
  • Rhetorical questions
  • Sibilance

How to analyse the speech

  • Understand the CONTEXT of the speech and the where the speaker is coming from
  • Understand its purpose: reason it is being spoken
  • Thematic Overview of the speech (subtle messages)
  • Identify the Rhetorical technique and device used for effect
  • Link to the topic: Distinctive Voices


As you analyse each speech, make a list of common techniques across them, collate into a table:




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